Amputations of parts or whole of finger, hand or upper limb due to industrial accidents or road traffic accidents can be joint back or reconstructed by plastic surgery. Similarly, crush and degloving injuries can be managed by cleaning the wound and replacing the skin by skin graft.
Since the bones of fingers and hand are small and delicate, their fixation requires plastic surgery precision followed by professional physiotherapy to bring out good functional result.
Delicate balance between multiple small bones of the wrist needs to be restored while performing surgery of the wrist such as wrist bone fractures.
Multiple ligament injuries of fingers and wrist can be treated by plastic surgery.
Congenital defects or birth defects of hand like joined fingers (syndactyly), extra fingers ( polydactyly), absent fingers etc can be managed by hand surgery.
Injury to tendons due to industrial or domestic accidents leading to inability in moving fingers or toes can be repaired by re-attaching the cut tendons.
Old nerve injury cases may need transfer of functioning tendons to provide power to non-functioning joints.
Accidents leading to injuries to nerve can be managed by repair of nerves or their reconstruction using substitute nerves.